One of the urgent agenda of this work is the tree adoption program. Adoption of trees, in other words, donates as many funds to guard trees that have grown in the forest for decades. In addition to that, there is a fun run work which is running across the stadium as a participant symbol format for the preservation of trees and forests.
Co-founder of Hutan Itu Indonesia (HII) and Chief Executive of I Run to The Forest 2019, Rinawati Eko wrote that HII had a big dream so that everyone would like the forest as an Indonesian identity. Rinawati explained that I run into the forest is the program chosen to realize the dream, and the target is urban society.
I Run to The Forest 2019 tells anyone both runners and non-runners, young and old, to contribute directly to guarding Indonesia's forests with easy techniques, namely running. The activity with hashtag #KuLariKeHutan invited all participants to run as far as five kilometers to adopt one tree in Indonesia's forests.
Every participant who can take the five-kilometer track then will be converted to adopt one tree in Sumatra and Kalimantan. Adoption of forests is the movement of donating as much as funds to guard forests that are hundreds of years old.
"Why did you choose to run? Because when running on Sunday like CFD it has become a habit for urban communities, especially in Jakarta. And from here, you paste the message to guard the forest, "said Rina for High Field Foresty when she was visited at GBK, Central Jakarta, Sunday (6/30).
Rina added that the work gave up the challenge for runners to circle the trajectory of the GBK as a message symbol guarding the forest. The challenge of each runner traveling a distance of five kilometers or one round will be converted as the adoption of one tree to safeguard Indonesia's forests. (Read more: Can We Restore Damaged Forest Ecosystems?)
"Participants were challenged to run five kilometers and convert the adoption of one tree. "The more distance traveled by the participants, the less number of trees that have been adopted to guard Indonesia's forests," she said.
In the day's work, the farthest distance a participant can reach is 20 kilometers or four rounds, which are recorded by four runners. Aside from that, for participants who can take the first five kilometers, they will get an appreciation in the form of medals with basic ingredients of pallet waste and bracelets for each round.
For information, the Indonesian Forest (HII) is an uncovered movement created to transmit positive messages for the community to guard and protect Indonesia's forests. At present, HII has support from 40 partners spread across Indonesia and 400 volunteers.
With the help of technology and patience, as many programs can help the world's forests regain their right to life.
Half a millennium ago, forests covered the majority of the Iberian Peninsula in Europe. But the business changes rapidly. Wars and occupation of around hundreds of years, expanded agricultural expansion and logging for charcoal creation and export work have wiped out the majority of forests and transformed areas such as Matamorisca, a small village in Northern Spain, into a degraded landscape.
Areas with dry climates and barren land are a disaster response in a common home forest planting program. However, for Land Life Company companies based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, these characteristics are ideal conditions. "We often operate in a natural environment that cannot 'cure' itself," said Jurrian Ruys, the CEO. "We go to places with difficult weather conditions, with the hottest summer."
In Matamorisca, they worked on a 17-hectare barren land belonging to the regional government and showered it with their distinctive devices: biodegradable cardboard donuts which they called 'cocoons' which could hold 25 liters of underground water to help nurseries in the first year. About 16,000 oak, ash, walnut, rowan and whitebeam seedlings were planted in May 2018, and the company complained that 96% of them survived the burning summer without additional irrigation systems, indeed a spectacular achievement for young plants.
"Does nature go home by itself?" asked Arnout Asjes, head of technology at Land Life Company, who monitored drone and satellite images, big data analysis, soil repairs, QR affixing, and site-fit tree configuration designs. "It's possible, but it will take decades or even hundreds of years, so we are speeding up the process."
The Land Life Company is part of a global movement carried out by many organizations to strive to save degraded or deforested areas, from fertile tropical lowlands to dry hills in common areas. Encouraged by the loss of world biodiversity and climate evolution, these groups seek to push boundaries that hinder efforts to revive the forest home. "This is not a theoretical problem," said Walter Vergara, a forestry and climate expert from the World Resources Institute (WRI). "This requires the right incentives, the right stakeholders, the right analysis, and sufficient capital, but this can be done."
How these factors combine in a particular project - and whether securing forests that have been leveled with the land is possible - depending on what kind of ecosystem we choose. Secondary forests in the Amazon contradict pine forests in Texas that are in the process of recovering after forest fires. It also contradicts boreal timber forests which lie in the majority of Sweden. Each has a different factor for the reforestation program and has special needs that even contradict each other.
In a dry situation near Matamorisca and many other areas in Spain, the Land Life Company is concerned about the increasingly rapid desertification process. Because they focus on efforts to reverse an ecosystem, they collaborate with organizations that don't want their money to return.
By replanting 600 hectares in all the world since 2015 and 1,100 hectares planned to be implemented this year, the company's motivation is in line with the Bonn Challenge (Bonn Challenge), a global effort to reverse 150 million hectares of forest in the world that is deforested and degraded in 2020. That is equivalent to the size of Iran or Mongolia. In 2030, the target of a salvage area is desirable to reach 350 million hectares - 20% more than India.
These targets are classified as the process of forest rehabilitation which loses its density or looks weak (called 'restoration' in terms of forestry) and forest treatment efforts that are genuinely 'clean' (called 'reforestation').
The global target is then divided into smaller targets and is being implemented in Latin American countries called Prakarsa 20x20 (20x20 Initiative), a movement contributing to reversing 20 million hectares of the forest against global targets by accelerating small to medium scale projects with relying on political support from the government of each country.
Unlike the Land Life Company, these area-scale projects have economic and business consequences in reforestation efforts, even though they support biodiversity conservation. "You must be unique from the private sector," said Vergara, who led the initiative, "and the capital must generate dividends (Return On Investment / ROI)." A study conducted by Vergara indicated that the Latin American country would get a Present Net Value (NPV) for IDR 324.9 Trillion in 50 years if it reached its target.
Money can be obtained from selling wood in sustainably managed forests or harvesting 'non-timber products' like nuts, oil, and fruits from trees. we can write how little carbon dioxide is extracted by our forests and market carbon credits for companies that intend to change the carbon emissions losses they produce. Or we can even grow forests and aspire for biodiversity to become ecotourism that generates money from lodging costs, bird watching tours, and consumption.
But still, all the backers of the fund are not big banks. Funds for the 20x20 Initiative mostly come from financial organizations with three destinations - meager profits, benefits for the environment, and social use - known as impact-based investors.
Take, for example, German 12Tree funding, among 20x20 partners. They are working on investment of Rp134 billion in the Cuango, a property area of 1,455 hectares on the Caribbean coast of the country of Panama, which combines chocolate plantations with timber extraction from secondary forests that are managed sustainably. With these funds, they are reforesting cattle farms, creating quality jobs for the community as long as they are profitable.
Even on land purified decades later that has recently been used by farmers, some fields can grow next to the forest, if you find the right equilibrium. Even though technically it is not reforestation, agroforestry, aka forestry and agricultural plant cultivation, allows small farmers to be able to continue farming while increasing the area of forest in their fields.
A global project named Breedcafs analyzes how trees behave in the middle of coffee plantations, with destinations to pursue plant varieties that can grow well in the shadow of a canopy. Coffee grows naturally in such forests, so replicating the matter on the plantation is tantamount to bringing the plant back to its roots.
"By reintroducing trees in that landscape, you are giving a positive effect on humidity, the level of rain catches, land conservation, and biodiversity conservation," said coffee expert Benoît Bertrand of the French Agricultural Research Center for International Development (Cirad), who led the project. Bertrand examined dozens of coffee varieties, which were the most suitable for the system. The same treatment can be applied to plantations of chocolate, vanilla, and fruit trees.
Not all land can be reforested. Vergara partners explore safe investments, and even the Land Life Company itself only does big projects in countries where they are "low risks" values, like Spain, Mexico, or the United States. "We want to avoid large-scale operations in countries in several the Middle East or Africa where sustainability is not safe," Ruys said.
But in the right place, what you might need is time. In Central Pacific Costa Rica, the new 330 hectare National Wildlife Refuge did not look like in 1987 when the site became a cattle breeding field when Jack Ewing finally concluded to process the land into an ecotourism area. Instead of 'meddling' in juggling the fields, a friend told him not to care about nature working alone.
The grass that had previously covered the new land is now returning to become dense trees with secondary forests spreading over 150 hectares without human intervention. In the past ten years, howling monkeys, red macaws, and even mountain lions returned to the land, adding to tourism and reviving local ecosystems. Ewing, now 75, stated that the success was thanks to his colleague's remarks three decades ago: "In Costa Rica, when you stop taking care of bushes, the forest will return to answer revenge."
As a form of support for environmental conservation, the community independently provides dozens of types of seeds of economic value.
Andhika, a resident of Rawi Village, alluded to concerns that the use of forest land for non-productive plants would impact on deforestation. As an effort to reforest, he told the community to work to replant soil with productive timber plants.
The concept of empowerment for the preservation of forest areas is carried out in the forests of Gunung Rajabasa, Tanggamus protected forest area and the West Coast area. As a source of seeds, he spends a plant that is economically valuable and has ecological support.
Some plants that were developed are endemic vegetation which began to be rarely developed. Among them are candlenut, areca nut, jolang jaling, jengkol, petai, and as many productive crops. The concept of placing productive trees is intended so that people do not work on logging because they still get economic value.
"As socialization for the community, I emphasize the use of non-timber forest products so that plants remain sustainable, environmental conservation is maintained, and economic resources can still be obtained," said Andhika when visited by High Field Foresty on Wednesday (24/7/2019).
Andhika, who is one of the partners of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK), has prepared seedlings since 012. Many seeds were distributed to as many areas in Lamsel as West Coast, Tanggamus, even to Lampung, which needed reforestation plants. Since the beginning of 2012, at least 10 million have been distributed to conservation plant seeds.
Since March 2019, 3 million seeds have been prepared to plant many community forest areas. In addition to community forests, plantations, he also intensified efforts to plant environmental education institutions of the government and private parties who care about environmental conservation.
"In collaboration with rangers, efforts to guard the forest continue to be carried out by asking residents to place wood, may be collected from fruit, sap, but do not cut it down," said Andhika.
Productive plants such as resin, candlenut, jengkol, jolang jaling, petai are called good enough to absorb water. Having a high canopy creates this type of plant can be intercropped with cocoa, cloves which are also productive plants. Planting so many kinds of plants creates people who can get Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs). In addition to getting weekly, monthly, and water-absorbing trees, they can protect the environment from the weakness of water supply.
Yudi, among the managers of the tree seed nursery belonging to Andhika, alluded to the seeds being provided on a one-hectare land. All types of productive plant seeds are sown using compost. Pecan, mahogany, and areca plants are even grown without polybag media. The system for using husk, compost, and fertile soil makes the embryo grow with comprehensive care.
"Candlenut plants are prepared to reach the age of three months but look forward to the rainy season being planted," Yudi said.
Yudi assured when the rainy season's planting situation could be carried out. Many plant seeds are ordered by the community who will work on regeneration and diversion of plants. Some of the owners of teak gardens and medang chose to replace candlenut and areca plants. Because of the age of 5 to 6 years bear fruit. While these plant species bear seasonal fruit that can be harvested each time, besides having economic value, it can be used for environmental conservation.