The cause of forest fires is lightning due to human activities such as arson. At the end of the 20th century, because of a large forest fire, our earth lost 25 million hectares of forest. These forest fires also impact global ecosystems with loss of biodiversity and increased carbon emissions. Forest fires are the biggest environmental disaster of all centuries. Here are the 5 Largest Forest Fires in History that hit the earth.
As a result of the prolonged drought in 1982-1983 triggered forest fires on the island of Kalimantan. In the event of this forest fire, 3.2 million forest land was destroyed in the fire with losses reaching more than Rp. 6 trillion. This forest fire has a significant impact on humans and other living creatures, considering that Kalimantan is one of the largest oxygen contributors in the world. It has a direct impact, economic impact, health impact, or social impact.
The forest fire that occurred on October 8, 1871, in the forests of Peshtigo, Wisconsin, United States, burned more than 3.5 million hectares of forest land and killed 2,500 people in Wisconsin.
The fire that originally originated from lightning in Chelan, Washington, continues to expand. Up to 10 American states, namely Oregon, Washington, California, Arizona, Texas, Idaho, Montana, Louisiana, Nevada, California, and North Carolina in 2015. And therefore, firefighters were added by 30 thousand people. Moreover, the National Fire Center noted that as many as 2.9 million hectares of the area burned. Also, 41,194 hotspots were found and burned 1,074 buildings. So urgent was the fire disaster that the US was asking for help from Australia to tame the red rooster. America also deployed its military to help the firefighters.
The fire is widespread in southern California and has entered its third day on Wednesday, December 6, 2017, local time. As reported by CNN, new fires occurred near the elite Bel Air area and Interstate 405 road, which could cause more damage after the fire burned around 65 thousand or around 26,300 hectares. According to the latest data, the most damaged area due to the spread of this fire is Thomas Fire in Ventura County, which has consumed as much as 50 thousand acres or around 20 thousand hectares. This fire started in a rural area and spread to cities in southern California. This caused around 150 buildings to be damaged.
The Hickley Fire is one of the largest forest fires, which burned a forest area of at least 810 km², possibly even more than 1000 km² and occurred on September 1, 1894, including the cities of Minnesota and Hinckley. This disaster claimed approximately hundreds of lives with an estimated minimum number of 418 deaths. However, some experts believe the actual number of deaths is close to nearly 800. If so, this fire is the second most deadly in Minnesota history after the Cloquet incident.
That's the five biggest fires in the world. Forest fires are a disaster for the diversity of living things. Countless numbers of extinct plant and animal species have been devoured by fire. Considering that forests are one of the biggest sources of oxygen on earth, it's good to start to have the awareness not to damage nature for the sake of humanity's survival.